How to change the MySQL collation settings in phpMyAdmin

About character sets and collation #

MySQL enables you to store and process data in a wide variety of languages using various character sets. For some operations, such as comparing two strings, MySQL uses a set of rules to determine equality and sorting order. This set of rules is known as a collation.

You may have to change the collation for a database or table based on the character set you want to use for string data. You can do this by using the phpMyAdmin tool in cPanel.

Changing the default collation for a database #

To change the default collation for a database, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to cPanel.
  2. In the DATABASES section of the cPanel home screen, click phpMyAdmin:cPanel - Databases - phyMyAdmin icon

    The phpMyAdmin administration page appears in a new window.

  3. In the left pane, click the name of the database you want to modify.
  4. On the top menu bar, click Operations.
  5. Under Collation, select the collation that you want for the database, and then click Go.
    This setting only affects new tables that you create. Any existing tables maintain their current collation setting.

Changing the collation for a table #

To change the collation for a database table, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to cPanel.
  2. In the DATABASES section of the cPanel home screen, click phpMyAdmin:cPanel - Databases - phyMyAdmin icon

    The phpMyAdmin administration page appears in a new window.

  3. In the left pane, click the + icon next to the name of the database that contains the table you want to modify. phpMyAdmin expands the view to show the database’s tables.
  4. Click the name of the table you want to modify.
  5. On the top menu bar, click Operations.
  6. Under Table options, in the Collation list box, select the collation that you want for the table, and then click Go.

More Information #

For more information about character sets and collation in MySQL, please visit https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/charset-general.html.

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